Women earn 8.6% less than men in the technology sector
The gap of gender continues without receding and the impact is evident in the technology sector, with a notorious salary difference for which women received in 2021 a 8.6% less than the average salary of the men. Although there is positive data for Spainwhich became the European Union country where this difference was smaller.
The director of the National Observatory of Technology and Society (Ontsi), Rosa Díaz, has presented the conclusions of a new report from the institution during the event Women protagonists in the digital age that took place this Monday at the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation.
There is still no parity
According to the report, the women represented only 19.4% of the total of specialists in digital technologies in Spain in 2021, one tenth more than in 2020, which placed the country in 17th place within the European Union (EU). Spain had in 2021 a percentage of women specialists in technology similar to the EU average, “but that is far from parity” and was far from countries such as Bulgaria (28.2%), Romania (26%) o Malta (25.7%), leading the way in this area.
In the labor field, 17.8% of employed women had STEM training -in academic disciplines of science, technology, engineering and mathematics- in 2021, which represents a 3.1 point retracement compared to 2020 and occupy the 14th position within the EU, with 1.9 points more than the European average. Teleworking in women (15.9%) was one percentage point higher than that performed by men in Spain in 2021.
Greater training gap
In the case of education, the 37.3% of women in Spain had inferior digital skills to the basic ones in 2021, three points more than men. According to studies, the greatest gap occurred in computer science degrees, where only 13.5% of the graduates were women, while in Vocational Training the greatest difference occurred in microcomputer systems and networks, with 7.1% women. .
Regarding the use of the Internet, 92.8% of Spanish women used the internet at least once a week in 2022 vs. 93% of men, which means, according to the report, that the gender gap “has been progressively narrowing.” The study highlights that women used the Internet more to carry out activities related to health than men, while they used it less than men for some recreational activities such as video games.
He 70.3% of the victims of sexual crimes on the internet were women in 2022, while eight out of ten women believed that situations of harassment on the internet are quite or very widespread, compared to six out of ten men.