What are the requirements for early retirement and what reduction coefficients do they have?
The pension reform led by the Minister of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration, Jose Luis Escriva One of its main objectives has been marked as reducing the average retirement age and for workers to remain active for more months and enter the pension system later. To do this, part of a situation, initially positive, since in recent years there has been a significant reduction in the proportion of early retirees with respect to those who postpone their retirement and the average age at which they definitively leave their job has increased by 6 months, going from 64 years and two months to 64 and 8 months.
Although the effect of the 2011 reform, also to a lesser extent that of 2013, has been important for this reduction in retirements before the ordinary age, the key has been the economic context, which has prevailed over the retirement decisions of the workers. A detailed look at Social Security statistics shows that the reduction in Employment Regulation Files (ERE) due to the economic boom and then their ‘prohibition’ of executing them due to the coronavirus pandemic have exponentially reduced non-voluntary retirements, which are those motivated by economic, technical, organizational or production reasons.
Meanwhile, the profile of retirees before the ordinary age has changed drastically due to economic euphoria. The number of workers who decide to retire before the age of 65 voluntarily, because they aspire to a high pension or are compensated, in some way, the penalties have gone from just 32,000 to 63,000 in 2021 and to 39,000 only in the first 8 months of the year. year. They already account for more than 19% of retirements -in 2013 they were 10%- and it is the workers with high salaries and long contribution careers who are the protagonists of these decisions. Their pensions exceed by more than 400 euros those of those who delay their retirement.
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