Two-thirds of energy production will still be ‘dirty’ in a decade
Economies around the world advance their policies with a clear trend towards renewable energies in search of achieving energy independence that, however, could be further than expected. This is confirmed by the ‘Energy Sector’ report published by the institute EAE Business Schoolwhose projections show that the weight of dirty energies will continue to prevail over renewables for at least the course of the next decade.
In such a way that fossil fuels will represent in 2030 “two thirds” of primary energy sources, if the estimates pointed out by the author of the study, Eduardo Irastorza, are met. “The proportions between energy sources will hardly change in the next ten yearsand neither coal, nor oil, nor natural gas will have disappeared by far in thirty years”, affirms the professor.
In Spain, the Petroleum rose last year as the leading fuel with a 43.8% of the total distributed, still very far from the plot occupied by the renewable energies (17.4%). As a generator of electricity, the contribution of the wind sector (60,485 GWh)followed by the nuclear (54,040 GWh). A factor that Irastorza does not see as sufficient to be able to depend mostly on cleaner energies.
“As much as Spain puts its hopes in renewable energies, and especially in windmills, these resources are still a long way from meeting their energy needs. Undoubtedly, the bet has been very determined by the last governments: facilities and subsidies are the order of the day, expansion plans are underway and Spanish energy companies are always at the forefront of the world in this field. However, despite the fact that the Iberian horizon is filling up with those three-armed giants of controversial aesthetic impact, the issue of efficient exploitation of renewables is far from having been resolved“, he concludes.
The report also states that the average price of electricity has increased by 195% compared to that marked in 2020. This increase has caused a slight drop of 4.83% in electricity demand. In addition, the commitment to the ecological awareness of society has led to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 24.76% in 2019, compared to the data for 2008.
new distribution of power
after dominance of USA As the main consumer of energy on the entire planet, we are facing a new world order. In 2021 data, China consumes 26.5% of the energy Y already almost doubles the energy consumption, both oil and gas, of the American country (15.6%) and thus consolidates itself as the first world power with a 26.5% from a list of countries, where Germany (2.1%) Y France (1.6%) stand out among the scant participation of Europe.
Therefore, it will be key how the giant faces the energy transition and, with it, other large energy consumers such as India.
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