These are the aids that mothers and families receive when having a child


The maternity aid in Spain they do not get the birth rate to rise, quite the opposite. Despite the fact that the Government does not cease in its efforts to promote subsidies for working mothers and fathers, births continue to decrease. It is well known that Europe has before it a demographic challenge and that the European Union He has been researching for years which public policies to put in place capable of dealing with it. the progressive population aging, fertility decline and maternity delay They are, along with other factors such as migration and rural depopulation, some of the keys that cause the most concern.

In 2020, they were born in the EU 4.071 million children, which corresponds to a crude birth rate (the number of live births per 1,000 people) of 9.1. In the last 20 years, Europeans in general have had fewer children: for comparison, the birth rate in the Union was 10.5 in 2000, 12.8 in 1985 and 16.4 in 1970. Spain, specifically , has been dragging for years a negative vegetative balance. According to data published by the National Statistics Institute (INE)in 2021 336,247 were born compared to 449,270 deaths. In other words, 113,023 more people died than came into the world.

Women in the EU seem to have fewer children when they are young and more firstborns later. So while fertility rates for women under 30 have fallen since 2001, those of women older than that age have increased: in 2001, the fertility rate for women aged 25-29 was the highest of all age groups. In 2020, the fertility rate between 30 and 34 years old became the highest, increasing the range even for those over 40, according to Eurostat.

In Spain, women tend to become mothers at almost 32 years of age.

Spanish mothers are no exception and have also increased the average age for giving birth for the first time from 31.22 to 31.54 years in 2021, the highest record of a historical series that does not stop growing. What is causing this shift in family planning? Surely the socioeconomic and labor situation can give some clues. With a youthful population that in Spain is emancipatedon average, to the 29.8 years and a labor market in which the youth unemployment rate up to 24 years stands at 30.1%, and for those up to 29 years at 23.3%, it is not surprising that in practice young women decide to postpone or even suspend maternity.

And what are national governments doing to solve this situation?

Permission for the birth and care of a child

In our country working fathers and mothers are entitled to 16 weeks paid of birth permit of son. The permit is requested at the Offices of the National Social Security Institute (INSS) and, since the health crisis caused by the coronavirus, also online. In addition, both the autonomous communities and the central administration offer different deductions and aid for the birth of a child, at least during the baby’s first years. Among January and September of this 2022 354,618 permits have already been requested, with a budget of more than 2,000 million.

While it is true that these benefits are far from those that occur in other neighboring countries, where both the amounts and the offer is much higher. For example in Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Ireland Y France andThere is universal aid for each child, with a volume of between 120 and 180 euros per month. In the same line, Denmark it offers much more ambitious paternity and maternity leave, up to 12 months.

Maternity deduction

working mothers up to 1,200 euros per year can be deducted in the income statement for each child under 3 years of age or collect them in advance, which is about 100 euros. If you want to charge for this way, you must present the “model 140 of the Treasury” that can be downloaded on the online page of the Tax Agency.

Childcare deduction

Those mothers who receive the maternity deduction can also take advantage of a deduction of up to 1,000 euros per year for childcare expenses or kindergarten. Of course, until the course in which the child turns three years old.

Deductions for large families

The large families general category, single-parent families with two children and those with children with disabilities up to 1,200 euros per year can be deducted in the income statement or collect them in advance, provided that at least one parent is contributing to Social Security. The request can be made on the Treasury page.

Help for multiple birth or adoption

Is about a single payment that depends on the interprofessional minimum wage (SMI) for the year in which adoption or multiple birth occurs. In such a way that, if 2 children are born or adopted, the SMI is multiplied by 4; if 3 children are born or adopted, the SMI is multiplied by 8; and if 4 or more children are born or adopted: the SMI is multiplied by 12.

Special rate for self-employed

The self-employed working mothers, that is, the self-employed, can access the flat rate of 60 euros for one year within 24 months after the cessation of their activity due to maternity, adoption, guardianship for adoption purposes. In addition, they may 100% discount on the quota for the care of children under 7 years of age in the case in which they hire a worker to replace the hours they spend with their children.

Supplement to help children with the IMV

It is a help that is aimed at families with low income or who receive the Minimum Vital Income (IMV) who have minors in the coexistence unit. The amount depends on the age of the children. For children under 3 years old it is 100 euros.

Some 2.3 million children are at risk of poverty in Spain. More than one in four minors. 27.4% of the total, only behind Romania (30.8%) and Bulgaria (27.5%). Some figures that place the fourth economy in the euro as third on the child poverty podiumexceeding the average rate in the EU by almost ten points (18.5%).


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