The EU presses at COP27 to decree the end of fossil fuels


The European Union (EU) presses in the negotiations of the COP27 climate change summit that is being held in the Egyptian city of Sharm el Sheikh so that the final declaration includes the phasing out the use of all fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas, in that order) that do not have mitigation measures (“unabated”).

European sources explained to a group of media that in fact the objective of the EU in these talks, which they seem blocked due to the mistrust between the countries of the Global South and the developed countries, is to address the issue of mitigation -the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions- in a transversal way to all the other issues that are being dealt with.

This proposal, which would be the first formulated by the EU so that the final progressive elimination of all fossil fuels is included in the final documents, would be generating inertia within the negotiations and, always according to community sources, is gaining momentum among parties. The European proposal aims to make progress in mitigation and responds to the understanding that progress must be made to prevent climate change from deepening, for which the extinction of fossil fuels without mitigation is essential.

a progressive extinction

The recommendation of the UN group of specialists on climate change is that in order to contain global warming below one and a half degrees compared to pre-industrial levels, it is necessary to progressively end the use of fossil fuels: removing coal first, then oil, and lastly gas.

According to the definition of the G7 and the International Energy Agency the term “unabashed” is used to refer to facilities without systems to reduce their emissions, such as those known as CO2 capture, storage and use (CCUS) systems. It is estimated that worldwide there are nail 35 commercial-scale facilities using these systems in industrial processesfuel transformation or power generation, according to a report by the International Energy Agency.

In total, the CO2 capture capacity is about 45 million tons, adds the report, which highlights that the momentum for this technology has grown substantially in recent years, with arounde 300 projects in various stages of development throughout the CCUS value chain. The promoters of this technology have announced that the goal is for 200 capture facilities to come into operation by 2030 and that capture more than 220 million tons of CO2 per year. That CO2 can be used in the manufacture of synthetic fuels, “blue” hydrogen or the production of carbonated drinks.


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