Requirements to receive the minimum vital income 2023


Two and a half years after its entry into force, the Minimum Vital Income (IMV), a benefit aimed at preventing the risk of poverty and social exclusion of citizens, still does not reach all its potential beneficiaries, even with initiatives such as visits to soup kitchens and hunger queues or the start-up of a bus to give know this help. The number of recipients progresses slowly, with the target set of 700,000 households in the Common Regime communities, and the rejection of files doubles the approvals. Up to one in three applications is denied exclusively for exceeding the income level, as recalled by the Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility (Airef) in a recent report.

Until October, according to data from the Social Security494,000 households – in which 1.4 million people lived and in which the Basque Country and Navarre are excluded – were receiving this basic aid, which represents only 37% of the families that would require the benefit and 70% of the first objective of the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration that directs Jose Luis Escriva. In total, the potential applicants would add more than 1.35 million, of which some 100,000 are already covered by the minimum income of the autonomous communities. The households excluded, in principle, from Income, are so because fail to meet income or equity criteria and also due to errors in their files or problems with the registration. About 160,000 households in poverty could access the IMV if only their income was taken into account, but they are not entitled to receive it for failing to comply with the heritage criterion.

Reasons for rejection of the Minimum Vital Income

Meanwhile, the files rejected by income reason They numbered more than 400,000 at the end of 2021 and mainly occurred in households in which more than one adult lives. “Specifically, in households where more than one adult resides with or without dependent minors, the percentage of rejection exceeds 36%. However, this percentage is less than 20% in households where a single adult lives with or without minors”, highlights the Airef, which points out that the files rejected for rent exceed the established threshold by 70%.

The rejections, the majority, are due, in six out of ten cases, to an excess of income or assets, something that forces us to think if the ‘bar’ to access this aid is too high. Thus, the IMV is compatible with the payment of unemployment, some unemployment subsidy or the Active Insertion Income (RAI), but these charges cannot exceed those provided for the cohabitation home. In the event that these limits were not reached, what the IMV would do is supplement the amount. For example, in a household with two adults and four minors -or five, six…- the expected amount is 1,081 euros. It is difficult to assume that this family could face the day to day with that money. But if the income were greater -let’s say 1,120 euros-, it would not be granted and if they were less -let’s say 750 euros- 331 would be given to them. Likewise, there are maximum assets to be able to receive them.

One of the main problems, once procedures have been streamlineds and facilitated access to the Income application, it remains that a good number of families that could access the aid have not done so because they have some type of income, which would not exclude them from the IMV, but would limit the amount of the benefit highlighted the Airef study. The aid, which was established in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, also has against its development the household instability who should receive it, the lack of technical means and information. According to Eurostat information, poverty in Spain -taking 40% of the median income per consumption unit as a reference- affects 9.5% of households, around 1.78 million out of a total of 18 .7 million.

The government of Pedro Sanchez has wanted to turn the IMV into the star subsidy against the vulnerability of families, but its implementation is not easy due to the multiple elements against it. Although the number of denied files has been slightly reduced, orn significant number of cases end up in court, which is mostly favorable to the claimants, which implies that many of the requests were rejected without sufficient cause. In other cases, it is not even necessary to hold the trial and Social Security access the benefit minutes before entering the courtroom.


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