nine tips to avoid a scam


With the black friday just around the corner, cybercriminals are waiting to make a killing. The National Police know this and given the forecast of a increase in purchases over the next few daysalso on the occasion of cyber monday, CNP experts recall guidelines to avoid being victims of scams in online or face-to-face purchases. They warn that networks are sometimes a source of entry to spread scams and cybercriminals can use them to offer flashy items that do not exist or redirect to fraudulent pages

Experts in fraud and cyber scams from the Central Cybercrime Unit of the National Police warn that cybercriminals take advantage of these events, in which virtual purchases and transfers increase, to try to deceive their potential victims. To avoid the fraudulent chargesthe identity fraudthe redirection to a fake website or the rmass broadcasting of messages with unreal offers, among many other scams, specialists propose these guidelines that serve as protection in any type of transaction.

Main frauds during Black Friday

The main strategies that cyberfraudsters have followed in recent years have been designed to get their aim to deceive to buyers during their transactions. To avoid being a victim of these frauds, the National Police offers the following guidelines:

– Careful with free products in exchange for a like. Cyber ​​scammers use social networks to advertise articles in exchange for a like, forward to contacts or complete a survey.

– Other times the ‘cyberbad guys’ use social networks or email to offer promotions. Make sure it’s the official brand sending it before clicking a link or downloading attachments.

Correos impersonating parcel companies. If during the discount season you have made several purchases, you may not be surprised to receive an email from a transport company informing you about the status of your shipment. Be careful when clicking on the links, they can encrypt the files on the device from which they are accessed and ask for money in exchange for the decryption. Open only trusted emails, pay attention to the sender.

– When you enter web pages that contain offers look at how the web address is written so as not to be a victim of “typosquatting”. In other words, a user ends up on a web page that is not the one he was looking for due to the fact that he mistyped the URL in his browser. Cybercriminals often take advantage of this situation to direct the user to a malicious website by reserving domains that are similar to legitimate ones. For this reason, you must be very careful when writing a web domain and verify that the characters entered are correct and are in the proper order. On many occasions the “typosquatting” has subtle alterations such as a missing letter or another that is extra.

– Yes tosomething is too good to be true, maybe it isn’t. Cybercriminals impersonate well-known brands and advertise items priced well below the market average. Therefore, observe the spelling, the content of the web, comments,…

– It’s very important have an updated antivirus that protects both the phone and the computer. Generally, this type of software is capable of recognizing web directories or files that may compromise the integrity of the equipment.

– Preferably access the web or applications through the official pages or preferred search engines. It is important to avoid using links provided in blogs or advertisements, as these can be direct channels to reach deceptive sites.

– Before making a transaction check that the page is secure, checking that the address begins with “https” and has a security certificate and trust seal. Do not trust if the page does not have a legal notice with information about the company, conditions of sale, returns and claims, among other things.

– Pay attention to appearance of the websitethat its design is homogeneous, the images have quality and all the sections are complete and well written.

Caution when paying with apps

To be able to operate safely from your smartphone you must enable all security measures such as biometric unlock (face scan, retina scan, fingerprint scan) or pattern lock. This will make it difficult for them to access your phone or use payment applications, since these require the user to verify their identity every time they want to access them, make a transaction or buy something.

Most of the paid apps they also allow you to activate additional security features, such as two-factor authentication. You can activate notifications every time a transaction or payment is made. This way, if suspicious activity occurs, you will receive an alert in near real time.


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