Joe Biden arrives at COP27 with the challenge of reducing carbon emissions
The presence of the American president, Joe Bidenand the challenge of decarbonization of economies reach COP27 climate summitwhere the enormous presence of oil industry representatives and gas reveals the importance of this issue for the climate debate.
The crucial aspect of decarbonization, the actions that seek to reduce the footprint of carbon and methane emissions, the main element responsible for global warming, is not lost on anyone. In this meeting, activists and scientists overwhelm with datathe political delegates and envoys defend their national positions, not always aligned with the fulfillment of the objectives already agreed, and the industry observes, monitors and tries to influence the decisions that are adopted.
The US president appears in Egypt after the Democrats have obtained better results than expected in the US midterm electionswhich has been interpreted as a good omen by environmental organizations, who also see their presence as a form of political support for the fight against climate change.
It remains to be seen, however, what will be your message and the role of the US in the discussionsand especially its commitments on issues precisely such as decarbonization, or compensation for loss and damage, which for the first time entered the COP agenda and to which Washington was always reluctant.
Precisely, this Thursday an investigation by Global Witness revealed that in this COP27 there is a record number of 636 delegates related to the fossil fuel industry, 25% more than those at COP26. The total number of accreditations to the Sharm el Sheikh summit linked to fossil fuels outnumbers any of the delegations from the 10 countries most affected by the climate crisis, namely Puerto Rico, Myanmar, Haiti, Philippines, Mozambique, Bahamas , Bangladesh, Pakistan, Thailand and Nepal.
The second country with the most delegates from the fossil energy sector is Russia, followed by Kenya, Congo and Oman, all countries that produce or depend on this sector, the largest cause of greenhouse gases. New technologies that can help in this regard will be sought out and analysed, particularly in the oil, gas, steel and cement sectors.
Also Dialogues on the decarbonization of the fertilizer industry are expected, essential for food security but whose production is intensive in emissions that make it one of the largest contributors to climate change. Another focus of debate will be the support developing countries to advance their economic progress without incurring in the consumption of highly intensive resources in the production of carbon.
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